Twitter Demetricator in Slate

Slate Screenshot

Twitter Demetricator in Slate

Slate Magazine’s chief technology writer, Will Oremus, wrote an insightful piece analyzing Twitter Demetricator and its effects. Speaking about his initial impressions of Twitter without the metrics:

Without really meaning to, I’d been glossing over tweets that had relatively few likes and paying extra attention to those that had many. I had even subconsciously developed a sort of multiplier for various Twitter users based on the size of their followings, so that a tweet by a relatively obscure user that garnered 10 likes would stand out in my feed more than one by a famous user that got 100 likes. And in threads with lots of replies, I had been checking like counts as though they were an official scorecard of who was “winning” the conversation.

Later, he reflects on his experience:

…you might be surprised at how drastically you can change your Facebook or Twitter experience just by hiding a few little numbers. Indeed, it’s almost impossible to comprehend just how central metrics are to the Twitter experience until you install Demetricator. Only when I tried it did I realize that my eyes were instinctively flicking to a tweet’s retweet and favorite counters before I even processed the tweet itself. Only when I tried Demetricator did I understand how much I relied on those signals to evaluate a tweet—not only its popularity or reach, but its value.

Will contextualizes his impressions within the current moment, when social media companies are under siege for their roles in everything from their effects on mental health to the ways they were weaponized in the recent US election.

I’ve been reading Will’s writing for years, as he’s one of the best journalists out there analyzing technology from a broader perspective. I encourage you to read the whole piece.

Interview with CBC Radio about Twitter Demetricator

I spoke with Nora Young of CBC Radio’s Spark about Twitter Demetricator

I had a great time talking with Nora Young of CBC Radio’s program Spark. We talk about social media metrics, what a number means (or doesn’t), and about hiding them on Twitter with Twitter Demetricator.

To listen, click play above, go to the segment’s page on the CBC site, or download the full episode it’s a part of as a podcast.

Twitter Demetricator in The New Yorker

New Yorker Screenshot

Twitter Demetricator in The New Yorker

My latest project, Twitter Demetricator, is a browser extension that removes all visible metrics from the Twitter interface. On the day of its release, the work was also the subject of a fantastic article in The New Yorker by author David Zweig. David spent a few weeks with the work as part of a private beta test, and then artfully reflected on his experience. I recommend you read the whole text, but here’s an excerpt:

After three weeks of using the Demetricator, the nature of Twitter, for me, changed completely. In some ways, it became lonelier. Part of the fun had been feeling like part of a crowd, seeing a joke or an idea or an observation become something that fifty people, or fifty thousand, could share. But I’m willing to accept the loss of this superficial sense of community for all the gains. Not seeing any numbers at all made content itself the king. I came to appreciate, disconcertingly, that knowing what was popular before had not only often distorted but also sometimes completely overtaken my experience. With the numbers gone, I realized that they, indeed, had forced a sort of automated experience, guiding and constraining my behavior.

The way that Twitter’s visible metrics were helping David feel “like part of a crowd” is one of my interests with this new Demetricator. While Twitter’s like, retweet, and follower metrics are similar—in principle—to Facebook’s like, share, and friend metrics, there’s definitely some important differences in how these metrics engineer user experience. On Facebook, likes/shares/etc are mostly constrained in size by one’s “friend” network, while on Twitter they are unconstrained. At any time, any Tweet’s metrics could reach not just into the hundreds of likes, but into the thousands or even millions. I’m guessing the sheer scale of this potential reaction activates our “desire for more” well beyond what users experience with Facebook. How does this expanded scale of potential reaction affect what David describes as a numbers-driven “automated experience” that guides and constrains behavior? That’s one of the questions I’ll be thinking about in the coming weeks.

Read about or install Twitter Demetricator, or go to the New Yorker and read David’s piece about it.

Go Rando at Stuttgarter Filmwinter in Germany

Stuttgarter Filmwinter Festival for Expanded Media

I’m quite happy to share that Go Rando is amongst the works being exhibited as part of this year’s Stuttgarter Filmwinter in Germany. Its Festival for Expanded Media is organized around the motto:

“Inside the Fluffy Filter Bubble” – On risks and side-effects of cat pictures and other comfort zones. The whole Filmwinter team of Wand 5 e.V., the festival’s support association, shouts: “Let’s dive into the fluffy filter bubble!” With this edition, the Festival is diving deeply into the comfort zones and perception bubbles in which our lives are taking place. The festival’s core is made up of the best submissions from the international competition categories of short film, Media in Space and Network Culture. On the festival’s closing day, jurors will award prizes with a total amount of 9,000 euros. A comprehensive supporting programme as well as numerous events for children and youths will round up the festival.

The Festival, which is directed by Marcus Kohlbach, Ivonne Richter and Giovanna Thiery, runs through 11 Feb, 2018. See the full program and more.

Assorted Vision at Athens Digital Arts Festival

Go Rando (2017)
web browser extension

My work Assorted Vision: The Matrix (Hue) will be screened as part of The 8th Day | Human Created Machine, a special screening event of the 2018 Athens Digital Arts Festival. Curated by Elli Anna Peristeraki (head of curatorial) and Eirini Olympiou (video art curator), the event focuses on works “that explore both utopian and dystopian views on the future of art, technology and science.”

This piece is one part of a much larger, in-progress work called Autonomous Video Artist, a self-propelled, self-navigating video capture robot that gathers its own video, evaluates it, edits it into artworks, and posts them online. Read more about the work, and/or more about the Athens Digital Arts Festival.

Invited Talk at DePaul University

DePaul University in Chicago

I’m excited to be giving an invited talk this Friday at DePaul University’s College of Computing and Digital Media. My title and abstract:

Less Metrics, More Rando: (Net) Art as Software Research

How are numbers on Facebook changing what we “like” and who we “friend?” Why does a bit of nonsense sent via email scare both your mom and the NSA? What makes someone mad when they learn Google can’t see where they stand? From net art to robotics to supercuts to e-lit, Ben Grosser will discuss several artworks that illustrate his methods for investigating the culture of software.

The talk is part of their Research Colloquium series, and is hosted by Adam Trowbridge and Jessica Parris Westbrook. Coming up this Friday, January 19, 1-2pm in room 708, 243 S. Wabash Ave. Chicago.

Touching Software at CYFEST in NYC and Russia

GIF from Touching Software (House of Cards)

GIF from Touching Software (House of Cards)

My work Touching Software (House of Cards) will be a part of CYFEST, screening this Thursday at the NY Media Center in Brooklyn, NY. The festival, curated by Victoria Ilyushkina, is an international media art festival organized by Cyland, an art/tech group and lab from St. Petersburg, Russia. After this fall event in NYC, the festival moves to Russia for the winter (date TBA). Read more about the festival here.

We Take EmoCoin! Go Rando at Piksel in Bergen

cwm

PIKSEL 17 in Bergen, Norway

Go Rando is part of this year’s Piksel exhibition in Bergen, Norway. Under the theme of “We Take EmoCoin!”, this year’s event:

“…points to the new capital: our emotions. Emotions has become the new coin. Emotions can be measured, monitored and monetized in almost real time. Together with our use of social networks, technology is also investing in bio-sensing the body to collect our bio-data. So, we ourselves with our public online behaviour and our stored bio-signals, visualized and interfaced, create a direct link between emotions and money.”

I could hardly think of a better fit for Go Rando than this! Very happy to be a part of it. It runs from 16-18 Nov, and is directed/curated by Gisle Frøysland and Maite Cajaraville.

Algorithmic Text and Sound Launching as Part of NXS in Amsterdam and Berlin

NXS #2 Promo Video

Starting tomorrow night, I have a new invited work launching as part of NXS, an experimental publication from Amsterdam that “aims to explore the emotional and sensual side of hardware, software and algorithms that normally have been assessed by their functionality, aesthetics and ethics.” This new issue is #2 under the theme of Synthetic Selves. Each contribution to NXS is created in succession, and typically based on the two most previous. As the last one in the chain before publication, I asked the editors for all previous entries and then wrote software to generate a new text based on the rest. I also created a sound work (a synthetic reading of the text) that will screen as part of the launch events in Amsterdam tomorrow and Berlin next week.

My contribution is titled Our Emulated Multi-Self, and you can read/listen to it here.

Artists/theorists contributing include: Armen Avanessian, Hannah Barton, Karolien Buurman, Gilles De Brock, Ivan Cheng, Kim de Groot, Ben Grosser, Andrea Karch, Kristýna Kulíková, Geoffrey Lillemon, Geert Lovink, Aaron McLaughlin, Dr. Alberto Micali, Shintaro Miyazaki, Nina Power, Daniel Rourke, Sophia Seawell, Marloes de Valk, Keith J. Varadi. NXS is edited by Monika Gruzite, Juliette Lizotte, and Florian Mecklenburg.

In addition to the launch events in Amsterdam and Berlin, you can buy a copy online.

Computers Watching Movies at GPLcontemporary in Vienna

cwm

Computers Watching Movies in processing at GPLcontemporary in Vienna

Opening today is processing, an exhibition at GPLcontemporary in Vienna. In the (Google translated) words of curator Magdalena Stöger:

The possibility of speech between man and machine by programming software and the writing of algorithms enables a new way of looking at the generative process in artistic investigation. If the generative was originally described as the delivery of the individual subject and as an uncritical use of program code for the computation of a final work, many artists today deal with the extended scope of action, expressive possibilities, and the performative quality of code. This survey of the code, however, is not limited to its artistic qualities, but often transcends an examination of its social, political and technological meanings, and simultaneously breaks down as a pure tool. This exhibition brings together artistic experiments, questions and definitions that reflect the generative and find an individual contextualization. In the appropriation of a generative process, the artists understand code less as a craft, but as an artistic possibility of expression and an extended space for action. “Processing” therefore shows intimate insights as well as critical societal reflections, and devotes a wide range of ideas and negotiations to the programming artist. In formats such as graphics, generative films, sculptures or robots, various manifestations of the generative are examined and discussed in the exhibition.

My work Computers Watching Movies is part of this group exhibition, which also includes works by Ursula & Michael Endlicher, Mike Huntemann, Martina Menegon, Julian Palacz, Niki Passath, Christa Sommerer & Laurent Mignonneau, Clemens Tschurtschenthaler, and Martin Zeilinger. It opens as part of Vienna Art Week, and runs through the end of November.

Computers Watching Movies at Accès)s( Festival in France

Accès)s( Festival, Pau France, 10 Oct – 9 Dec, 2017

Computers Watching Movies is part of the Accès)s( Festival at Le Bel Ordinaire in Pau France. Under the theme Machine Sensibles (translation: “Sensitive Machines”), the festival focuses on
machines that defy our general understanding of what a machine is or can be by exhibiting works by artists who have specifically designed their machines to be “sensitive.” In the words of curator Christian Delecluse:

“Sensitive” machines are those that trigger an identification process, even a projection process in us. They mirror ourselves. They send us back to our own frailty, to our joys and our pains, our fears and anxieties, to our desire, and (to) the absurd behaviour we adopt at times to bypass our weaknesses. They face us with the beauty and the absurdity of the human condition. Yet is not that sensitivity a potential source of angst? To what point can we allow machines to look like us? A too-human-looking one might claim its rights as a “species”, in some emancipation move, or to overpower its creator. Is this the reason why, beyond a certain threshold of likeness, a humanoid robot will end up making our blood run cold and will in the end be rejected?

Read more at the Accès)s( Festival site. The exhibition is open through 9 December, 2017.

Touching Software at Simultan Festival in Romania

Simultan 2017, 3-7 Oct

Touching Software (House of Cards) will be part of this year’s Simultan Festival. Held in Timisoara, Romania, the event’s theme is “Possible Futures.” The festival runs from 3-7 Oct, 2017.

Screenings at Furtherfield in London and the University of Michigan

Computers Watching Movies (Exhibition Cut)
computationally-produced HD video with stereo audio

My work will be part of a couple screenings today. The first is a video demonstration of Facebook Demetricator as part of “Are We All Addicts Now?”, an exhibition and event series by Katriona Beales at Furtherfield Gallery in London. The second is a screening of Computers Watching Movies at the Auditing Algorithms Compressed Film Festival at the University of Michigan. Auditing Algorithms is a series of events this week(end) working to “… develop the emerging research community for ‘algorithm auditing’ … a research design that has shown promise in diagnosing the unwanted consequences of algorithmic systems.”

Open Call: Net Art for Storage

Net Art for Storage Pavilion at The Wrong — New Digital Art Biennale
original image | image license

Art storage is big business. Currently worth more than $1 billion USD, secure storage for paintings, sculptures, and other physical artworks facilitates global investment and trade in art as commodity. In fact, many artworks now go straight from sale to storage, never taking up space on the walls or floors of its owner.

Now, for the first time, I’m partnering with The Wrong to offer a new opportunity: secure storage for net art. Previously, net artists had no turnkey options for hiding their art from the public. The Net Art for Storage Pavilion will fill this gap, enabling artists to bypass their audience altogether by creating new works destined for the dark caverns of an infinitely large and secure digital warehouse. Why should only those artists and collectors engaged with physical media reap the rewards of such spaces? Now even those who work with the digital can have their work collected by investors seeking tax-free art transactions and full-service handling, all without the constraints of having to house the work themselves! Who knows how many markets might be opened up for net art when a new crop of art investors glimpse the profit potential for such work when it’s locked up and hidden from the world?

While an index of works in the Net Art for Storage Pavilion will be made available, the public will not get to see, access, or use the works themselves. Instead, the stored works will be sheltered away in an encrypted zip file that is housed on a secure server. Only two humans will safeguard the password for this zip: the curator of this Pavilion and the director of The Wrong. Otherwise, no access will be possible.

To participate, artists should create new work specifically for the Net Art for Storage Pavilion. This work can be submitted by the artists themselves, or by the owner/collector of the work. Each submitted work must be in a digital form that can be compressed, and should be accompanied by 1) the work’s title, 2) a short description of the work (as vague or revealing as the artist prefers), 3) a single representative image, and 4) a brief bio and link to the artist’s online home.

Questions and/or submissions can be directed to the Pavilion’s curator and manager, Ben Grosser, at grosser@bengrosser.com. The submission deadline is October 10, 2017 extended to October 15, 2017.

For discussion about the Pavilion, see its Facebook event.

More about https://www.facebook.com/thewrongbiennale/”>THE WRONG:

Go Rando at Kunsthaus Langenthal in Switzerland

Go Rando at Kunsthaus Langenthal in Switzerland

My work Go Rando is part of a international group exhibition at Kunsthaus Langenthal in Switzerland. Titled Raus aus dem digitalen Unbehagen (Escaping the Digital Unease), the exhibition focuses on unease in contemporary digital life:

While we’re using products by Apple, Amazon, Google, Facebook and find them useful and indispensable, we’ve become aware of the dominance of such big players. Their services form our thoughts and commodify the ideas of friendship and exchange. We do not surf the wild web anymore, but are fed with feeds, receiving more and more of the same, based on algorithmic extrapolations of our preferences. With the social media account we rent services, which we pay with our data and attention. With Edward Snowden’s disclosures awareness on the excessive government-surveillence and their link to private actors has also reached a broader public. Since the beginning of the web, artists have built their own spaces and channels there. They have created artworks that reacted to commodification and restrictions in a critical way. The exhibition presents works from over 30 artists and collectives tackling these topics, raising awareness to the unease, showing its causes or possibilities of an escape from it.

Raus aus dem digitalen Unbehagen is curated by Raffael Dörig, Domenico Quaranta, and Fabio Paris, and is on view from 30 August to 12 November, 2017.